ಆಹಾರ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಕಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಇನ್ ಫೆಸ್ಟೇಷನ್ ನಿಯಂತ್ರಣ
खाद्य सुरक्षक एवं कीट नियंत्रण विभाग
Major R&D activities of the department are:
Fumigation and alternate strategies: Survey and screening of insect samples have revealed the occurrence of phosphine-resistant strains. This has lead to the exploration of phosphine-inert gas mixtures as alternate strategies for combating phosphine resistance in stored product insect pests.
Botanicals as grain protectants: Concern over the indiscriminate usage of synthetic pesticides and its impact on human health and environment has necessitated the exploration of plant-derived products as grain protectants. Plant-based products are being investigated for their insecticidal potential, anti-feedant, anti-ovipositional and growth-regulating properties. Essential oils are also being evaluated for their biofumigant potential. Biopesticide formulations and biopesticide/ biofumigant-based gadgets for control of insect infestation in commodities in small scale are proposed to be developed.
Derivatives of naturally-occurring compounds for the control of stored product insects: Natural products have often been extolled as highly valuable and productive resources for uncovering a rich diversity of novel chemical structures, agrochemical leads and unique templates that show diverse biological activities. Attempts are being made to synthesize analogues or derivatives of naturally-occurring compounds for the control of stored product insects.
Development of avian antibodies against pesticides: As an alternate to the conventional methods (GC, GC-MS, HPLC, LC-MS) to detect pesticide residues in food and environmental samples, antibody-based methods are being developed. Avian (Chicken) antibodies are raised against pesticides and these will be employed in the detection of various pesticide residues in food/ environmental matrices. Recombinant antibodies are also being developed against pesticides.
Studies on health effects of pesticides and their role in disease progression: Huge scientific body of evidence suggests that pesticide exposure is a major toxicological threat that will affect human and animal health because of their various toxicities such as neurotoxicity, endocrine toxicity, immunotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, genotoxicity and ability to induce organ damage, alterations in cellular oxidative balance and disrupt glucose homeostasis. High levels of pesticide residues found in food commodities is of great concern. Hence, studies in our laboratory focuses on various health implications of pesticides as well as understanding their role as factors in causing or aggravating various degenerative diseases/disorders. Animal models such as the nematode - Caenorhabditis elegans, insect- Drosophila melanogaster, rodents (rats and mice) are being employed in these studies.